Social-economic still has many challenges but not pessimistic, wavering, losing temper
At the regular Government meeting in May 2021, the Government assessed that in the context of the re-emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic, complicated developments in some localities, but thanks to the outstanding efforts of all levels, the industry, the business community (DN) and the people of the country, the socio-economic situation in May and the first 5 months of 2021 continued to achieve positive results.
Total import and export turnover in 5 months is estimated at over 262 billion USD, up 33.5%. Attracting foreign investment capital reached 14 billion USD. The number of newly registered enterprises in 5 months reached 55.8 thousand enterprises, the highest in the past 5 years. Vietnam is the only country in the world that all three prestigious international credit rating agencies simultaneously raised the outlook to positive.
However, the "Covid-19 pandemic" continues to greatly affect people's lives and production and business, especially in the service industries, tourism, supply chains, and small and medium enterprises. Disbursement of public investment capital is slow and unsatisfactory. The trade deficit situation reappeared due to the sharp increase in import demand for domestic production while the output for products was affected by the Covid-19 epidemic.
Some agricultural products in the harvest season are stuck locally, and consumption is difficult, especially in areas with outbreaks. The price of raw materials, fuel and input materials increased sharply, especially construction materials, affecting the input of other manufacturing industries and affecting the implementation progress of public investment projects. Foreign direct investment attraction recovered slowly, capital contribution to buy shares decreased by over 50%, showing signs of decreasing attractiveness for foreign investors. Production and business of the enterprise sector in many fields faced difficulties; number of enterprises withdrawing from the market at a high level.
The stock market, real estate has potential risks. The number of employees who lost their jobs, stopped working, and took leave increased. The life of a part of the people is difficult, especially workers in industrial parks, business households, and individual traders in localities directly affected by the Covid-19 epidemic.
Effectively focus on tasks and solutions
Ministry of Planning and Investment: Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with ministries, branches and localities in, urgently developing a scheme to promote economic growth in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic and to review and update the growth scenario, Report to the Government in June 2021. Pay attention to ensuring the macro balance; propose to establish an inter-sectoral working group to inspect, accelerate and remove difficulties and obstacles in public investment, focusing on projects using ODA capital and concessional loans from foreign donors, advising to organize a national conference on public investment in June 2021 in order to accelerate disbursement of public investment capital; ensure progress, quality and fight against corruption, waste, negativity, group interests. At the same time, there are strong solutions to promote and attract foreign investment; accelerate the implementation of the Program to support the digital transformation of Vietnamese enterprises for the period of 2021 - 2025. Presiding over and coordinating with the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs and relevant agencies to summarize the actual situation perform Resolution No. 42/NQ-CP dated April 9, 2020 on measures to support people facing difficulties due to the Covid-19 pandemic, report to the Prime Minister before June 20, 2021.
Ministry of Finance, State Bank of Vietnam: According to their assigned functions and tasks, continue to closely coordinate and implement flexible, prudent, appropriate , ensure consistent implementation of the goal of stabilizing the macro-economy, controlling inflation and supporting production and business, promoting economic growth; tighten financial and state budget discipline, thoroughly save regular expenses, prioritize resources for epidemic prevention and control and other important, urgent and unexpected tasks.
The State Bank of Vietnam: Direct credit institutions to minimize costs, continue to reduce lending interest rates to contribute to solving difficulties for businesses; while ensuring the safety of credit and banking activities. Promote restructuring associated with bad debt settlement of credit institutions; soon have a plan to deal with weak commercial banks; urgently develop and submit to competent authorities a project on restructuring the system of credit institutions and dealing with bad debts in the 2021-2025 period.
The Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Industry and Trade: Research, review and prepare appropriate plans on import taxes and trade remedies as prescribed for a number of goods and materials with sharp price increases; clearly identify causes and forecast price trends in the coming time, propose appropriate policies and solutions; strengthen inspection and examination, resolutely handle acts of speculation and price manipulation, especially commodities with strong price fluctuations on domestic and international markets.
The Ministry of Industry and Trade: Lead and coordinate with ministries, branches and localities to take appropriate solutions to ensure and maintain production and business activities in the context of the epidemic, especially in industrial parks and localities outbreaks of epidemics in the region, not to disrupt the domestic and global supply chains; ensure the supply and demand of essential goods and services. Focus on guiding and immediately implementing the support to reduce electricity prices and extend electricity bills for electricity users in the spirit of Resolution No. 55/NQ-CP dated June 2, 2021 of the Government. To assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with concerned ministries and agencies in, expeditiously developing a scheme on promoting exports and harmonizing the trade balance.
The Ministries: Finance, Transport, Industry and Trade: Direct the implementation of reviewing, minimizing transportation, storage and other logistics expenses; strengthen inspection of the increase in freight rates, ensure compliance with regulations on listing and publicizing freight rates, contributing to supporting production and business, import-export enterprises, and improving the competitiveness of Vietnam goods.
Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Planning and Investment and relevant ministries and branches: Study and propose amendments to policies on investment and development of housing for workers, including relevant provisions in Decree No. 82 /2018/ND-CP, report to the Prime Minister before June 30, 2021.
The Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs: Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with concerned ministries and branches in, urgently proposing the Government to promulgate policies to support workers and employers facing difficulties due to the Covid pandemic. -19.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development: Closely monitor weather and natural disasters to proactively direct production seasons and respond promptly and effectively, not to be passive, unexpected, and to minimize damage. There are synchronous and effective solutions in disease prevention and control on livestock and plants. Working closely with the Ministry of Industry and Trade and localities to support people in consuming agricultural products that are in the harvest season, especially in epidemic areas; strengthening the capacity to preserve and process agricultural products; negotiate to expand export markets and boost consumption in the domestic market. Assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment and relevant agencies in, expeditiously completing the Project on ensuring water source security and safety of dams and reservoirs in the 2021-2030 period with a vision to 2045, report to the Government for submission to the National Assembly according to regulations.
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